Toronto Public Health – Built Environment & Human Health & Heath Equity



  • The built environment means the buildings, transportation systems, energy systems, open space, and agricultural lands that make up and support our communities.
  • Street design, bike lanes and sidewalks; housing types and neighbourhood design; patterns of development; the provision of trees, parks, green space and recreational facilities; and the location of jobs, schools and services are all important components of the built environment.
  • The built environment can have a significant impact on human health because it can influence people’s levels of physical activity; the safety of travel; the quality of outdoor air; access to jobs and services; and opportunities for social interaction and recreation.


If you want to learn more about studies, resources and consultation please see: